Climate change is a huge issue of concern, being one of the most urgent and pressing challenges that is currently facing every country. The Government is committed to tackling climate change and has taken a number of steps to build upon Britain’s reputation as a key actor in the fight against climate change.
It should be stressed that between 1997 and 2007, the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions were increasing, and they were increasing at the rate of 2% a year between 1999 and 2004. Since then, the UK has been able to transform its performance and reputation dramatically. It is a matter of fact that few countries in the world, and none in the G20, have gone faster than the United Kingdom in decarbonising their economy. Equally, the Government has made clear that it will continue to make progress in pursuing green policies, which will make the UK a world leader in tackling climate change.
The UK is an international leader in fighting climate change, supporting ambitious projects designed to combat deforestation and promote the sustainable management of the world’s forests through the Government’s international climate finance (ICF). Equally, it should be noted that the Department for International Development (DFID), the Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) all contribute to the UK’s £5.8 billion overall climate finance commitment. ICF programming aims to reduce emissions from deforestation and land use change. The ICF programme is also designed to help forest communities adapt to climate change through sustainable farming and land use practices.
Although the Government recognises that more can be done by the UK in reducing levels of pollution, since 1990, it is commendable that the UK has cut its emissions by 42% while the economy has grown by two thirds. Equally, in 2018, a record amount of UK power was generated from renewable sources, with more than 30% coming from renewables and more than 50% from low carbon sources overall. During the Easter weekend of this year, the UK also went for 90 hours and 45 minutes without generating any electricity from coal, beating the previous record of 76 hours. It should also be mentioned that the country is making huge strides in protecting biodiversity, such as in marine conservation zones.